- Nephew of Constantine IX (q.v.); governor of Iberia (q.v.) who revolted in 1047. The revolt was put down quickly, as was the previous revolt of George Maniakes (q.v.) in 1043. Tornikos drew supporters from Macedonia and Thrace (qq.v.), especially from the military base in Adrianople (q.v.), where the dissatisfaction of the western military establishment with Constantine IX was particularly intense. Tornikos marched on Constantinople (q.v.), but his army melted away when he failed to gain entrance. He was hunted down and blinded.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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Chronology — Before the ninth century there were considerable differences in the chronologies used for the writing of history and chronicles (qq.v.). Some pre ninth century chronologies started with dates of regional significance, such as the beginning… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium